Guenthesaurus

Khandro Rinpoche asked her students (AKA the Cyber study group) to read Herbert Guenther's book, "Kindly Bent to Ease Us." This ook is a translation and commentary of one of the works of Longchenpa, a famous Dzogchen master. A lot of the terminology Guenther used in the book stumped us, so we put our heads together and come up with our own translations for some of the Tibetan terms. So here they are, and we hope that they will help you understand Guenther's translation.

Absolute truth

Accomplishment

Alaya

Alaya Vijnana

All pervasive

Analysis

Appearance

Aspiration

Attentive inspection

Appreciative discrimination

Awareness

Bdag nyid

Bde ba

Being

Benefit for oneself and others

Bindu

Bitendtial value of being

Bliss

Bodhichitta

Brtags pa

Brtson grus

Brtson pa

Bsam gtan

Buddha nature

Byang chub sems

Byang chub sems dpai bsam gtan

Byang chub sems pa

Chakra

Channel

Chos

Chos kyi sku

Chos sku

Citta

Clarity

Coemergent

Co-existent

Compassion

Concepts and meanings

Conceptualization

Conglomerate of the quaternity

Consummate perspicacity

De bzhin gshegs pa'i dgongs pa

Dgongs pa

Dharmas

Dharmakaya

Discursiveness

Don dam

Dpyod pa

Dran pa

Drops (bindu)

Dualistic thinking

Dun pa

Effort

Egoistic

Eight kinds of consciousness

Eight perceptual patterns

Eleventh bhumi

Essence

Essence of mind

Exertion

the Facticity of being absolutely pure from a beginning...

Fictitious being

First bhumi

Founding stratum of meaning

Fourth stage of the path

Gdod ma'i ka dag chen po

Great original primordial purity

Gsal ba

Gzhan don

Gzhi snang

Holistic Experience

Ignorance

Illusory being

Intentiveness

Initially Pure

Ka dag

'Khor lo

Kun gzhi

Kun khyab

Kun rdzob

Lang cig skyes pa

Lhun grub

Limpid clearness

Link up stage

Long sku

Loss of pure awareness

Lucency

Luminosity

Ma rigpa

Meditation of the bodhisattvas

Meditative concentration

Meditative contemplation

Manifestation of the ground

Mi rtog pa

Mi slob lam

Mind

Mindfulness

Mind as such

Mthong lam

Nadi

Nature of mind

Ngo bo

Nirmanakaya

No support (meditation with)

Noetic and nonnoetic complex

Non thought

Ösel

Path of accumulation

Path of unification

Perseverence

Preparatory stage

Prajna

Primordial purity

Primordial Ground in General

Primordial universal ground

Pristine cognition

Proliferating Fragmenting

Pure awareness

Pure perception

Rang bzhin

Rang don

Realization

Realization of the tathagatas

Relative truth

Rigpa

Rten can

Rten med

Rtsa

Rtsal

Samadhi

Sambogakaya

Sattva

Sbyor lam

Sems

Sems 'dzin

Sems nyid

Sems pa

Seven cognitive patterns

Seven kinds of consciousness

Sgom lam

Sgom pa

Sher-ab

Shes rab

Skillful means

Snang cas

Snang med

Solipsistic

Spontaneous presence

Spontaneously given

Sprul pa'i sku

Spyi gzhi

Stage of cultivation

Stage of no more learning

Stage of seeing

Stratum bound perceptivity

Stratum of all and everything

Stratum of engagement in a world horizon

Stratum of everything

Stratum of meaning

Support (meditation with)

Sustained effort

Thabs

Thig le

Thog ma'i

Thugs rje

Ting nge 'dzin

Tshogs lam

Total presence

Totalistic

Virya

Willingness

Wisdom

Without appearance

In Reply to the Tibetan:

sher-ab

Guenther says:

Appreciative discrimination

Cyber study group says:

prajna, wisdom

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

shes rab

prajna, intelligence, knowledge, discrimination, [wisdom]. insight, {shag rog} - roommate. {shes rab chung ba} - those who have limited knowledge. Discrimination, as one of the five object determining mental states, superior knowledge [in most contexts] - superior intelligence, or intelligence [when refering to the 51 mental factors] - wisdom [when taken as synonomous with yeshe]. syn {ye shes}; superior knowledge [in most contexts]. - superior intelligence, or intelligence [when refering to the 51 mental factors]. - wisdom [when taken as synonomous with yeshe]; Wisdom, discriminating wisdom, [prajna]; bden don gtan la 'bebs} rang dang spyi'i mtshan nyid rnam par 'byed pa'o} discriminative awareness. recognition, intelligence, to be aware of, come to understand, to know, to grasp, master, to learn, can, be able to, to realize; discriminative awareness; Discrimination, as one of the five object determining mental states. knowledge. one of the {pha drug} - the six paramitas. discriminative awareness.insight, intelligence. {shes rab chung ba} - those who have limited knowledge. prajna, [wisdom]. syn {ye shes} wisdom. superior knowledge [in most contexts]. - superior intelligence, or intelligence [when refering to the 51 mental factors] - wisdom [when taken as synonomous with yeshe]. transcendent knowledge

shes rab

Prajna. Knowledge or intelligence. In particular, the 'knowledge of realizing egolessness.'

shes rab

discriminating knowledge

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

dran pa

Guenther says:

Attentive inspection

Cyber study group says:

mindfulness

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

dran pa

{dran pa, dran pa, dran pa, dran} trans. v.; to think; pay attention, be mindful; recall, be mindful, think about, miss; remember with longing, meditate, become aware of, contemplate

1) mindfulness, memory, alertness, presence of mind, recollection. / recollectedness; alertness; presence of mind; memory, thinking; mindfulness, awareness, presence of mind, attentiveness, attention, memory, recall, rememberance, recollection, consciousness, one's full senses.

2) consciousness, thinking, recollection or memory, Skt. smriti,

3) one of the five object determining mental states, Def. by Jamgon Kongtrul: {'dris pa'i dngos po mi brjed pa}.

4) one of the {'phags lam gyi yan lag brgyad} the eightfold noble path;

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In reply to the Tibetan:

bde ba

Cyber study group says:

bliss

Nitarth on-line dictionary says:

bde ba

comfortable

bde ba

sukha

1) pleasure, bliss, happiness, well-being, peace, delight, comfort, pleasurable sensation, felicity.

2) easy to ..., easy, convenient; easily;

3) at peace, ease, healthy, comfortable happy, pleasant, well, enjoy peace, composed.

bde ba

Bliss

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In Reply to the Sanskrit:

Sattva

Guenther says:

being

Cyber study group says:

essence

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

rang-don / gzhan-don

Guenther says:

Bitendtial value of being

Cyber study group says:

benefit for oneself and others

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

rang don

1) one's own purpose / benefit / sake [in combination with {gzhen don}.

2) selfish reasons, self-interest/ benefit for oneself.

3) personal [internal].

4) what is meaningful to oneself, the benefit of oneself; benefit of oneself

gzhan don

altruistic benefit, benefit for others; the benefit of others, altruism, what is meaningful to others, something beneficial to others, altrustic work, public [syllogism]. welfare of others, what is meaningful to others; the welfare of others

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

bsam gtan

Cyber study group says:

meditative concentration (dhyana)

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

bsam gtan

Dhyana, concentration. Def. Jamgon Kongtrul: {rtse gcig nyon mongs med}; meditative stability; meditative - concentration, meditation, 'stable attention'. one of the {phar phyin drug} - the six paramitas. serenity, stable awareness, dhyana, meditation, concentration level, absorption {snyoms par 'jug pa} syn samadhi, trance, state of complete abstraction. concentration, meditation, level of concentration, dhyana.

bsam gtan

dhyana, concentration. The state of concentrated mind and also the name for god realms produced through such mental concentration. See also under 'four dhyana states.'

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In reply to the Tibetan:

byang chub sems dpai bsam gtan

Cyber study group says:

meditation of the bodhisattvas

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In reply to the tibetan:

byangs chubs sems pa

Cyber study group says:

bodhisattva

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

byang chub sems pa

Bodhisattva

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

lhan-cig-skyes-pa

Guenther says:

co-existent

Cyber study group says:

coemergent

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

lhan cig skyes pa

1) natural, born together; coemergent, innate, inherent, intrinsic.

2) coemergence; spontaneously born, [sahaja]; to co-emerge, to emerge simultaneously

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

chos

Guenther says:

concepts and meanings

Cyber study group says:

dharmas

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

chos

phenomena, (snang ba). Anything that can be experienced, thought of, or known.

chos

1) Dharma, reality

2) dharmas, phenomena

3). Dharma, the teaching of the Buddha;

1) dharma, phenomenon, thing, existent, [a truly real predicate, event, entity, element or ultimate constituent of existence].

2) Dharma, [the Precious Dharma with eight qualities]. Religion.

3) the Dharma, the Teachings, the Doctrine.

4) quality, attribute, property, characteristic, ability.

5) a teaching, doctrine, text, scripture, sacred text.

6) right, virtue, duty, moral law, tenet, precept.

7) truth, order, law.

8) practice, dharma -, religious -.

9) mental object, dharma.

10) religion, religious system, way of belief.

11) topic, point, principle.

12) meaning, value, sense, meaning, worth; content.

13) ex. va. +{'chad}, +{shod}, +{smra}, to preach, give religious teaching, va. +{nyan}, to hear, listen to religious teaching, va. +{byed}, to practice religion, live a religious life, va. +{zhu}, to receive religious instruction, t seek, ask for religious teaching. imp. of {'chos}, and {'cha'},

14) mind objects, 5 of 16 aspects of the 4 holy truths. one of the {phyag rgya bzhi}, four mudras; phenomenon; factor/ element; property/ quality/ attribute; spiritual teaching/ Buddhadharma/ dharma; don chos go bar byed pa'i gzhi} imp. of {'chos pa}; events; can that which has [certain] qualities or attributes, subject [in logic context]. phenomenon, phenomena, Dharma, teachings

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Conglomerate of the quaternity:

  1. Subtle feelings
  2. Ideas
  3. Motivations
  4. Perceptions

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

byang-chub-sems

Guenther says:

Consummate perspicacity

Cyber study group says:

Consummate perspicacity = byang-chub-sems [KBEU page 257, Vol 1]

byang - limpid clearness, pure essence, not defiled by samsara

chub-spontaneous capability beyond cause and effect

sems - awareness

Clearness, pristine cognition, AWAKE, bodhi, bodhicitta, enlightenment

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

byang chub sems

a mind directed towards pure and total presence, a mind set on enlightenment, bodhichitta, awakened heart, enlightened mind, attitude, the [primordial] state of pure and total presence; enlightened mind. {byang} meaning - pure of obscurations and chub meaning perfect in enlightened attributes.

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In reply to the Tibetan:

de bzhin gshegs pa'i dgongs pa

Cyber study group says:

realization of the tathagatas

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

dgongs pa

Cyber study group says:

realization

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

dgongs pa

{dgongs pa, dgongs pa, dgongs pa, dgongs} trans. v. . (h) Of {bsam pa}.

1) mind, frame of mind, attitude, intention, thought, consideration, viewpoint, idea.

2) [to emphasize the honorific] enlightened intent, wisdom mind, realization, insight, vision, wisdom, meditation, deep experience.

3) to think, consider, concentrate upon, reflect, understand, give thought to, care for, feel, regard, realize, know, decide, intend.

4) meaning, intent, implication, understanding, cognizance, necessity, intimation, interpretation; {kyi dgongs pa} - enlightened intent behind.

5) implicative, meant for, intended to be.

6) deepest sense, primordial condition, deep structure

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

dpyod-pa

Guenther says:

discursiveness

Cyber study group says:

analysis

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

dpyod pa

{dpyod pa, dpyad pa, dpyad pa, dpyod} trans. v.;

1) to try, examine, analyze, investigate, scrutinize,

2) Discernment, as one of the four variables. Def. by Jamgon Kongtrul: {zhib mor 'jug pa'i sems pa}; analysis; [vicara] (mental) investigation; examining [mental function]

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In reply to the Tibetan:

don dam

Cyber study group says:

absolute truth

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

don dam

1) ultimate, absolute, 'true meaning'; ultimate [truth], absolute truth, ultimate reality; {don dam bden pa}.

2) the exact state of the case, the real / true / ultimate meaning.

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Guenther says:

Eight perceptual patterns

Cyber study group says:

Eight kinds of consciousness

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

gdod-ma'i ka-dag chen-po

Guenther says:

the facticity of being absolutely pure from a beginning...

Cyber study group says:

great orignal primordial purity

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

gdod ma'i ka dag chen po

the great primordial purity; great original state primordial purity

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Guenther says:

fictitious being

Cyber study group says:

illusory being

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

sprul-pa'i sku, sprul sku

Guenther says:

founding stratum of meaning, or stratum of embodiment.

Cyber study group says:

nirmanakaya (tulku). Sku is the Tibetan for "kaya." Sku is also the Tibetan honorific for body.

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

sprul pa'i sku

{sprul sku} manifested body, nirmanakaya, tulku, incarnation, emanational body. physical emanation

sprul sku

Emanation body, Nirmanakaya, dimension of apparitional being, form body, manifesting body, manifestative expression of the form body, incarnate lama. Nirmanakaya, [nirmanakaya]

sprul sku

Nirmanakaya, manifested body.

sprul sku

Nirmanakaya. 'Emanation body,' 'form of magical apparition.' The third of the three kayas. The aspect of enlightenment that can be perceived by ordinary beings.

sprul sku

Tulku. Literally, 'apparitional body.' Can refer to an incarnated bodhisattva who works for the welfare of sentient beings, or to the nirmanakaya manifested by a buddha.

sprul sku

incarnation

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

ting-nge'-dzin

Guenther says:

holistic experience

Cyber study group says:

samadhi

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

ting nge 'dzin

Def. by Jamgon Kongtrul: {zhi rags dang bden bzhi sogs brtag bya'i dngos po la sems rtse gcig pa} one of the {'phags lam gyi yan lag brgyad} the eightfold noble path;

1) samadhi, concentration, mental focus, stabilization, meditative stabilization. meditative absorption; contemplation, state of contemplation, absorption, total involvement, undividedness, deep concentration, meditative concentration, holisticness, holistic experience, wholeness, meditative stabilization. {ting nge 'dzin 'jug ldang} entering and arising from samadhi.

2) Concentration, as one of the five object determining mental states, contemplation, meditative absorption, meditative trance.

3) one of the {byang chub yan lag bdun} the seven causes of enlightenment.

4) the three samadhis: suchness samadhi, {kun tu snang ba'i ting nge 'dzin} all-illuminating samadhi, {rgyu'i ting nge 'dzin} seed samadhi]

ting nge 'dzin

samadhi. 'Adhering to the continuity of evenness.' A state of undistracted concentration or meditative absorption which in the context of Vajrayana can refer to either the development stage or the completion stage.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

ka-dag

Guenther says:

initially pure

Cyber study group says:

primordial purity

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

ka dag

Primordial purity. The basic nature of sentient beings which is originally untainted by defilement and beyond confusion and liberation.

ka dag

primordial purity, primordially pure; original purity; originally pure, pure from the beginning / first

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

sems-pa

Guenther says:

intentiveness

Cyber study group says:

awareness

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

sems pa

{sems pa, bsams pa, bsam pa, soms} trans. v.;

1) to think, reflect, assume, apprehend, intend, direct one's mind, pay, attention, be conscious.

2) contemplation, one of the {chos spyod bcu} ten religious practices.

3) intention, motivation, mentation, thinking, directing thought, mentation, apprehension, reflection, volition.

4) will, act of will.

5) motivator, activator.

6) conscious apprehension.

7) Attraction, as one of the five ever-present mental states; one of {kun 'gro lnga}. Def. by Jamgon Kongtrul: {sems yul la g.yo ba'i gnas skabs kyi yid kyi rnam 'byur}, connects primary mind to an object of perception or action, syn {las} / {'du byed}.

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In reply to the Tibetan:

'khor lo

Cyber study group says:

chakra

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

'khor lo

wheel; chakra/ focal center of subtle energy; encircling ring; (mandala) circle; charm wheel, chakra;

1) wheel, circle, disk, sphere, orb, ring, band, wheel [as in. of the Dharma], center [as in the subtle pathways], circle [as in. of the mandala].

2) Skt. chakra, chakra wheel.

3) [mandala] circle.

4) a circlet, crown [worn on the head]. One of {phyag rgya drug}

5) roller, cylinder.

6) the world.

7) machine.

8) diagram.

9) focal points of energy within the central channel of the body. dharma wheel, round of life, cycle of transmigratory existence, cycle of years [acc. to Tib. calendar)

10) diesel engine, the subtle pathways.

11) the six symbolic ornaments, symbols.

12) {sgyur rgyal} world ruler, universal monarch

'khor lo

Chakra, wheel, sacred diagrams for protection and liberation

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In reply to the Tibetan:

kun-gzhi-rman-par-shes-pa

Guenther says:

stratum-bound perceptivity

Cyber study group says:

I think we in Vajradhatu call this "Pure perception". This is the perception of the world that occurs in moments of TGS. It is vivid and accurate. Rnam-par-shes-pa is one of several Tibetan terms usually translated as consciousness. The equivalent Sanskrit term is vijnana. So kun-gzhi rnam-par-shes-pa is Tibetan for alaya vijnana. Unless there is a kun-gzhi which is not a state of consciousness, the two terms above would seem to be synonymous.

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

kun gzhi rnam par shes pa

all-ground consciousness. Usually {kun gzhi'i rnam par shes pa} store house consciousness - alaya vijnana.

See also Long sku.

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In reply to the Tibetan:

kun rdzob

Cyber study gorup says:

relative truth

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

kun rdzob

samvrita

1) relative, conventional, superficial, apparent, concealing, conditional, mundane, worldly convention, all-veiled, obscured; relative level, convention.

2) [short for {kun rdzob bden pa}] conventional truth, relative reality.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

Ösel

Guenther says:

limpid clearness

Cyber study group says:

luminosity

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

sbyor-lam

Guenther says:

link up stage

Cyber study group says:

path of unification

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

sbyor lam

path of joining. the path of application, [prayoga marga]; path of application; path of unification, connection. path of connections. path of preparation, the / reaching / application / the linking stage. [2nd of {lam lnga} has four parts. {drod}, {rtse mo}, {bzod pa}, {chos kyi mchog}.

sbyor lam

Path of joining. The second of the five paths on which one grows closer to and joins with the realization of the truth of reality.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

ma rigpa

Guenther says:

loss of pure awareness

Cyber study group says:

Ignorance. As the term implies it is any awareness other than rigpa. It TOO IS the kun-gzhi and has never been anything other than that. It is what is present when we see the world as anything other than sacred.

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

ma rig pa

ignorance, unknowing, unawareness; misknowledge, nonrecognition of intrinsic awareness; ignoring the intelligence, nascence, ignorance (i.e. one of twelve links); ignorance, as one of the six root disturbances, lack of awareness, [avidya] Def. by Jamgon Kongtrul: {yang dag pa'i don mthong ba la sgrib par byed pa ma rig pa'i byed las; yang dag pa'i gnas lugs mthong ba la gegs byed cing phyin ci log skyed par byed pa'i rgyu; / de kho na nyid la rmongs pa dang bden bzhi'i don la rmongs pa gnyis su yod pa las 'dir phyir ma'i don; def. as one of the Def. by Jamgon Kongtrul: {rten 'brel yan lag bcu gnyis: ngo bo rig pa'i 'gal zla'am/ mi mthun phyogs su gyur pa/ shes pa gang zhig rang gi yul la dmigs pa dang/ yul de'i rnam pa shin tu mi gsal ba dang/ de nyid sems rgyud rab tu ma zhi ba nyon mongs pa skye ba'i sgor gyur pa ste khyad chos gsum dang ldan pa}. not understanding the diffence between virtue and non-virtue. One of the twelve links. One of the {chu bo bzhi} four currents.

ma rig pa

Ignorance. Ignorance of good and evil deeds causes us to take rebirth in the three realms of samsara. Ignorance of the ultimate truth is the main cause of samsaric existence.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

gsal-ba

Guenther says:

lucency

Cyber study group says:

clarity

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

gsal ba

1) to appear, manifest; be clear, be apparent; appear clearly, be clearly evident. Longchenpa: syn {mngon du gyur ba}

2) clarity, cognizance,

3) instance, manifestation,

4) to illuminate, clarify, elucidate;

5) be brilliant; bright, clear, cognizant, awake, luminous; bright, distinct, ex {nyi ma gsal ba} brilliant sun.

6) to visualize,

7) clarity, luminosity, luminous clarity,

8) clarity, the second of the three {nyams}.

gsal ba

Cognizance. The mind's inherent capacity for knowing.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

sems

Guenther says:

mind

Cyber study group says:

citta, alaya vijnana

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

sems

mind, 'cognitive act', grasping mind, frame of mind, mind or soul, thought, main mind, cognitive act[s] syn {rnam shes tshogs drug} experiencing, potential for experience, general forms of experience, grasping, conceptual mind, attitude, intent; (ordinary) mind; attention; cognition, cognitive act, mind or soul, grasping mind, frame of mind, thought, main mind, syn {rnam shes tshogs drug} experiencing, potential for experience, general forms of experience, conceptual mind, attitude, intent. mind, thoughts, thought process, [chitta]; Def. by Jamgon Kongtrul: {phung khams skye mched thams cad kyi bag chags sam sa bon bsags pa dang sna tshogs la dmigs pa dang don la sems pas na sems su bzhag pa gang yin pa de ni kun gzhi'i rnam shes kho na}

sems

Longchenpa's def: {khams gsum pa'i glo bur ba'i dri ma tshogs brgyad sems byung dang bcas pa'o}

sems

Mind

sems

cognitive act

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

sems nyid

Guenther says:

mind as such

Cyber study group says:

Buddha nature

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

sems nyid

chittata, mind

1) mind itself, mind essence, nature of mind, mind nature, mind as such, ultimate nature of mind, true nature of mind itself, mind-as-such. syn {ngo bo rig pa}.

2) the mind.

sems nyid

Mind essence. (sems ngo). The nature of mind. A synonym for 'buddha nature.'

sems nyid

Mind-essence. The nature of one's mind which is taught to be identical with the essence of all enlightened beings, the sugata garbha. It should be distinguished from 'mind' (sems) which refers to ordinary discursive thinking based on ignorance of the nature of thought.

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In reply to the Tibetan:

mi rtog pa

Cyber study group says:

nonthought

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

mi rtog pa

nonconceptual, nonthought. thoughtfree, nonthinking, conceptlessness, syn {yul snang la der mi 'dzin pa rtog bral}; nonconceptual(ity); no thought, nondiscursive, without thoughts

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In reply to the Tibetan:

ngo bo

Cyber study group says:

essence [of mind]

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

ngo bo

mi bskyod kyi ngo bo - embodiment of Akshobhya

ngo bo

svabhava

1) essence, nature, character, attribute, identity, entity, intrinsic / central / essential nature, vital substance, core, being, inmost nature.

2) principle, existence, fact.

3) entity, fact of being, identity.

4) definition, main principle.

5) what it comes down to, at bottom, in fact,

6) essential meaning [in textual introduction]. See also {bdag nyid}

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Guenther says:

Noetic and nonnoetic complex

Cyber study group says:

dualistic thinking, consciousness of this and that

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

brtson-pa

Guenther says:

perseverence

Cyber study group says:

effort

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

brtson pa

{brtson pa, brtson pa, brtson pa, brtson} trans. v.; to strive; to exert oneself; endeavor, striving, endeavor, effort, to strive to, to exert oneself, exertion [one of {'du byed brgyad}. to persevere, toil

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

tshogs-lam

Guenther says:

Preparatory stage

Cyber study group says:

Path of accumulation

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

tshogs lam

path of accumulation; the path of accumulation / collection / preparation [ begins with the experience of meditative heat {drod} and deals with the first twelve of the 37 [wings to enlightenment].

tshogs lam

path of accumulation. The first of the five paths which forms the foundation for the journey towards liberation and involves gathering a vast accumulation of merit dedicated towards this attainment. On this path one gains an intellectual and conceptual understanding of egolessness through learning and reflection. By means of cultivating the four applications of mindfulness, the four right endeavors, and the four legs of miraculous action, one succeeds in eliminating the gross defilements that cause samsaric suffering and in attaining the virtuous qualities of the superknowledges and the 'samadhi of the stream of Dharma' leading to the path of joining.

tshogs lam

path of accumulation

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

thog-ma'i spyi-gzhi

Guenther says:

primordial ground in general

Cyber study group says:

primordial universal ground

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

thog ma'i

primal, original; basic, initial, first; of or pertaining to the / a beginning, introductory, inceptive

spyi gzhi

universal ground; common ground {'khor 'das kyi spyi bzhi} general basis

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Guenther says:

pristine cognition

Cyber study group says:

pure perception, clear seeing

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

brtags-pa

Guenther says:

proliferating fragmenting

Cyber study group says:

conceptualization

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

brtags pa

to scrutinize; pf. of {rtog pa}; designated. consideration, designation, construction, to investigate, inquire, to represent

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In reply to the Tibetan:

rigpa

Guenther says:

pure awareness

Cyber study group says:

this is the awake quality that is part and parcel of kun-gzhi. It doesn't come from kun-gzhi, it IS kun-gzhi or a natural expression of it. I think that there is no difference between rigpa and the "pure perception".

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

rig pa

vidya

1) {rig pa, rig pa, rig pa} intr. v.; to know, cognize, understand, see, be aware of.

2) intelligence, cognition, understanding, knowledge, insight.

3) intellectual reasoning, rationality, logic, philosophy, [intrinsically] real, reason, intellect, awareness, insightful; science

4) knowing, nondual mind, pure / sheer presence, awareness mind, wakefulness, intuitive awareness, intrinsic awarenese, awakeness, immediate awareness.

5) noun. the knower / cognizer, mind [syn {shes rig}.

6) Two of six/eight qualities describing the sangha.

7) in gnas 'gyu rig gsum - noticing.

8) mantra.

rig pa

Rigpa. The state of awareness devoid of ignorance and dualistic fixation.

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In reply to the Tibetan:

rang bzhin

Cyber study group says:

nature [of mind]

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

rang bzhin

svabhava

1) nature, fundamental / inherent / ultimate nature, essence, own-being, character, quality, identity, self-nature. syn {bdag} see {ngo bo rang bzhin thugs rje}.

2) intrinsic reality, actuality essence, syn voidness,

3) self-existence,

4) frame of reference, natural expression [of mind].

5) natural, naturally, short for {rang bzhin gyis}

6) manifesting.

7) character, consist of.

8) essence,

9) himself, oneself, own, self, intrinsic, natural, self spontaneous; similar to {ngo bo} but when referring to sugatagarbha, {ngo bo} refers to the emptiness part whereas {rang bzhin} refers to the luminousity or clarity part.

10) primal matter syn {gtso bo}. / by nature, naturally. vi. to be of the nature of. type, manifesting, nature. Similar to {nang tshul, gshis}, {chos nyid} and {gnas lugs}; consist of, essential [original] nature, own being, in its own being, state of own being, there has been born; independent existence; inherent nature/ self-nature/ the very nature (of things); natural forms [in grammar]. natural expression. the natural expression. essential [original] nature, state of own being, nature, inherent nature, actuality, frame of reference; nature, character; inherent nature, the true nature; natural character

rang bzhin

Self-entity. Self-nature. An inherently existent and independent entity of the individual self or of phenomena. Something that can serve as a valid basis for individual attributes.

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In reply to the Tibetan:

rten can

Cyber study group says:

support [,meditation with]

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

rten can

referring to

rten can gyi zhi gnas

shamatha practice with a concrete support

rten can la 'jog pa

settling the mind with a concrete support

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In reply to the Tibetan:

rten med

Cyber study group says:

no support [,meditation with]

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

rten med

unsupported/ rootless/ homeless; unbased, unsupported, supportless, objectless, rootless, baseless, without a concrete support; unbased, unsupported, supportless, object

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In reply to the Tibetan:

rtsa

Cyber study group says:

channel (nadi)

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

rtsa

Tsa, in Domey.

rtsa

Nadi. The channels in the vajra body through which the energy currents move.

rtsa

artery, vein, nerve

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In reply to the Tibetan:

rtsal

Cyber study group says:

accomplishment

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

rtsal

1) skill, dexterity, adroitness, accomplishment, power, energy, creativity, strength, resourcefulness, might.

2) expression, function, manifesting power, [sm. {gdangs}. potency, capacity, potential, ability.

3) physical skill, play. expressive power or energy. creative; dynamic energy (of being); energy, creative energy, potentiality; potential; expression/ powerful

rtsal

creative play/power, resourcefulness, display, creativity, agility, manifestation, display; power[ful], manifestation, strength, acrobatics, energy, mighty

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In reply to the Tibetan:

sems 'dzin

Cyber study group says:

mental focus

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

sems 'dzin

focusing of the mind, fixing the mind / attention, concentration, focused attention; fixation of mind, Semdzin (a series of meditation exercises in Dzogchen); fixation

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Guenther says:

Seven cognitive patterns

Cyber study group says:

Seven kinds of consciousness

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

sgom pa

Cyber study group says:

meditative contemplation

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

sgom pa

1) meditation, practice, training, cultivation, meditation-training, familiarization, development, contemplation, creative imagination.

2) {sgom pa, bsgoms pa, bsgom pa, sgoms} trans. v.; to cultivate, meditate, practice, become accustomed to; 'make familiar with,' cultivate in meditation.

3) imagine, envision.

4) contemplate, think over, ponder, concentrate upon.

sgom pa

Meditation. In the context of Mahamudra or Dzogchen practice, meditation is the act of growing accustomed to or sustaining the continuity of the recognition of our buddha nature as pointed out by a qualified master. In the context of learning, contemplating and meditating, it means the act of assimilating the teachings into one's personal experience, then growing accustomed to them through actual practice.

sgom pa

lha sgom pa - to visualize deities

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In reply to the Tibetan:

snang cas

Cyber study group says:

appearance

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

snang bcas

manifest

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In reply to the Tibetan:

snang med

Cyber study group says:

without appearance

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

snang med

beyond form; careless, indifferent, unconcerned, neglectful, invisible, unmanifest

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

bdag nyid

Guenther says:

solipsistic

Cyber study group says:

egoistic

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

bdag nyid

I, great being, being, lord, "atman itself." great being, lord, sovereign, [- syn {rang bzhin} nature, identity, entity, personification, nature, oneself, myself, himself, themselves, possess. see {ngo bo} or {rang bzhin} self, svayam, {rang nyid}; great being, lord, sovereign; [- syn { rang bzhin] nature, identity, entity; personification; oneself/ yourself/ myself; see {ngo bo} or {rang bzhin} the very nature, qunitessence; essence, nature, - entity; on one's own, personification, nature; epitome; yourself

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

lhun-grub

Guenther says:

spontaneously given

Cyber study group says:

spontaneous presence

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

lhun grub

1) spontaneous presence, One of the two main aspects of Dzogchen teaching, the other being 'primordial purity' (ka dag).

2) effortless/ spontaneuos fulfillment; spontaneously self-perfected; effortless, spontaneously perfect / accomplished, spontaneously self-perfected, effortless manifestation, having everything without effort, inherent presence, inherently present, manifest effortlessly, natural acheivement, natural spontaneity, naturally perfect, 3) one of the {phrin las lnga} the five activities, self-existing, spontaneous, wishfulfilling

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

sgom-lam

Guenther says:

stage of cultivation

Cyber study group says:

Fourth stage of the path - 8 fold path

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

sgom lam

path of cultivation; path of development or meditation; [acquaintance with shunyata]

sgom lam

path of cultivation. The fourth of the five paths on which one cultivates and trains in the higher practices of a bodhisattva, especially the eight aspects of the path of noble beings.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

mi-slob-lam

Guenther says:

Stage of no more learning

Cyber study group says:

11th bhumi -level of buddhahood

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

mi slob lam

path of no more learning

mi slob lam

the path beyond learning, path of no more learning. syn {mi slob pa'i lam} - the path of no-learning / non-learning, beyond learning, no further training, [syn. {mthar phyin pa'i lam}. the path beyond training; the path of no-learning / non-learning, beyond learning, no further training, syn: {mthar phyin pa'i lam}

mi slob pa'i lam

Path of no-learning. The fifth of the five path and the state of complete and perfect enlightenment.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

mthong-lam

Guenther says:

Stage of seeing

Cyber study group says:

Third stage of the five stage path- first bhumi

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

mthong lam

path of seeing; the path of vision, [darshanamarga]; [darshanamarga] path of seeing / insight / vision. path of seeing

mthong lam

path of seeing. The third of the five paths which is the attainment of the first bhumi, liberation from samsara and realization of the truth of reality.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

long sku

Guenther says:

Stratum bound perceptivity, or stratum of engagement in a world horizon.

Cyber study group says:

sambhogakaya

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

longs sku

Enjoyment Body. samboghakaya [complete enjoyment body]. Sambhogakaya, [sambhogakaya]; samboghakaya [complete enjoyment body]

See also Kun gzhi rman par shes pa.

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In reply to the Tibetan:

kun-gzhi

Guenther says:

the stratum of all and everything

Cyber study group says:

what Tulku Thondup called "the basis", I think. This is the ground of purity on which activities that lead to karma are performed.

The main point I got from all this is that BOTH "awareness/pure perception" AND "lack of awareness/concepts" occurr within the bounds of kun-gzhi , "the stratum of all and everything".

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

kun gzhi

alaya

1) all-ground, basis of all, ground-of-all; gathering place, storehouse, ground of all (ordinary/ samsaric) experience; basis of everything, basic nature.

2) abbr. of {kun gzhi'i rnam par shes pa}, {kun gzhi rnam par shes pa}

kun gzhi

alaya - all-ground. Literally, the 'foundation of all things.' The basis of mind and both pure and impure phenomena. This word has different meanings in different contexts and should be understood accordingly. Sometimes it is synonymous with buddha nature or dharmakaya, the recognition of which is the basis for all pure phenomena; other times, as in the case of the 'ignorant all-ground,' it refers to a neutral state of dualistic mind that has not been embraced by innate wakefulness and thus is the basis for samsaric experience.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

chos-kyi-sku, chos sku

Guenther says:

Stratum of everything, or stratum of meaning.

Cyber study group says:

dharmakaya

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

chos kyi sku

dharmakaya. Def. by Jamgon Kongtrul: {sgrib gnyis bag chags dang bcas pa ma lus par spangs pa'i dbyings nam mkha' lta bu zhig la chos kyi sku zhes bya ste} Dharma-body, dharmakaya, [body of enlightened qualities]

chos sku

dharmakaya, truth-body, body of reality.

chos sku

Dharmakaya, absolute body.

chos sku

Absolute body

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

brtson-grus

Guenther says:

sustained effort

Cyber study group says:

exertion, virya

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

brtson 'grus

exertion/ diligence/ perseverance; diligence, exertion, zeal, effort, vigor, "enthusiastic perseverance," [def. to joyfully engage oneself in what is virtuous, dge ba'i gnas la sems mngon par spro bas 'jug pa]. {dge ba'i sems byung bcu gcig}. diligence, one of the {pha drug} - the six paramitas. dge ba yongs 'dzin pa

brtson 'grus

Diligence

brtson 'grus

Endeavor

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In reply to the Tibetan:

thabs

Cyber study group says:

skillful means

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

thabs;

1) method, way, skillful means, [liberative] technique, expedient method, skillful expedient device.

2)together, {dang thabs gcig} together with.

3) abrupt, abruptly {btsan thabs}

4) way, {med thabs med pa} no way without, indispensible.

5) [about color] {nag thabs thibs}

6) opportunity, {bya thabs rnyed} to find an opportunity for action.

7) [upaya], expediency, inginuity. means, skillfulness; way; Means, Skillful Means, method, Upaya

thabs

Methods

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In reply to the Tibetan:

thig le

Cyber study group says:

drops (bindu)

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

thig le

1) spheres or circles, drop, dot, spot, ring, nimbus, circle, zero, bindu, center, The red and white essences.

2) dot over a letter representing the anusvara.

3) colored mark on the forehead between the eyes.

4) semen. seminal point. the nucleus or seed of the enlightened mind, white and red seminal fluids of the physical body, seminal points of light; sperm, vital essence - sphere. bindu; sphere (of being); drop; tiny sphere, essence, bindu; Tika, tilaka, essence; sphere.

thig le

Bindu.

1). Essences.

2). Circles or spheres.

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In reply to the Tibetan:

thugs rje

Cyber study group says:

compassion

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

thugs rje

1) karuna, (h) of {snying rje} compassion, kindness, benevolence, grace, kindness, mercy, good heart, kind, benevolence, responsiveness merciful with grace.

2) syn {rtsal} / {gdangs} capacity, expression, energy, compassionate energy / quality / expression, ever responsive energies, resonance, spirituality.

thugs rje

Capacity

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

kun-khyab

Guenther says:

totalistic

Cyber study group says:

all pervasive

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

kun khyab

all pervading;

1) all-pervading, all-pervasive, all-permeating, widespread, omnipresent factor, universal, embracing all, all-encompassing. syn {kun tu khyab pa}.

2) the sky.

3) epithet of the lord of Death.

4) the ultimate reality or the wisdom of a Buddha. / poet, sky, firmament (lit. all-embracing). epith. of the Lord of death. universally, generally.

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

gzhi-snang

Guenther says:

total presence

Cyber study group says:

manifestation of the ground [consciousness]

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

gzhi snang

ground display, manifest aspect of ground of being/ ground of being presenting itself as apparent phenomena; the manifestation of the fundamental nature, ground-appearance, syn {lhun grub kyi snang ba}; appearance of the basis; ground-manifestation, ground-appearance

gzhi snang

Ground manifestation, ground display

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In Reply to the Tibetan:

dun-pa

Guenther says:

Willingness

Cyber study group says:

aspiration

Nitartha on-line dictionary says:

dun pa

great diligence, assiduity

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